Firefighting infrastructure has not kept pace with the rapid rate of urbanization
and increasing number of
high rise buildings. Neither has road infrastructure. Emergency response is only notional, and not practical.
Fires need to be controlled at their source and within the first few minutes of the fire breaking out. Emergency responders are primarily focused on rescue and managing the spread of fire, and not on fighting it. Also, water and power supply is usually erratic and scarce. Dependence on such systems is therefore inadequate. Furthermore, the electromechanical firefighting systems are seldom maintained, therefore, dependence on such a system is criminal.
It is a common misconception that use of fire rated masonry in itself is sufficient to prevent the growth & spread of fire. While the walls do not necessarily 'catch fire', the paints do;these are typically oil/solvent based, and therefore ignite spontaneously and spread rapidly.Solvent based paints contain toxic chemicals such as phosgene, ammonia, hydrochloric acid, carbonmonoxide, all of which are lethal even in small concentrations.It is a well-known fact that most casualties occur as a result of toxic smoke inhalation. Therefore, measures to prevent fire need to be taken.